We recommend that you create the following partitions for x86, AMD64, and Intel 64 systems:

  • swap partition
  • /boot partition
  • / partition
  • home partition

Swap partitions support virtual memory: data is written to a swap partition when there is not enough RAM to store the data your system is processing.

Amount of RAM in the system Recommended swap space Recommended swap space if allowing for hibernation
<= 2GB 2 times the amount of RAM 3 times the amount of RAM
> 2GB - 8GB Equal to the amount of RAM 2 times the amount of RAM
> 8GB - 64GB At least 4 GB 1.5 times the amount of RAM
> 64GB At least 4 GB Hibernation not recommended

The partition mounted on /boot/ contains the operating system kernel

A root partition - this is where "/" (the root directory) is located. In this setup, all files (except those stored in /boot) are on the root partition

A home partition :to store user data separately from system data, create a dedicated partition within a volume group for the /home directory. This will enable you to upgrade or reinstall without erasing user data files.